Y. Yan, M.-P. Doin, P. Lopez-Quiroz, F. Tupin, B. Fruneau, V. Pinel, E. Trouvé, Mexico City subsidence measured by InSAR time series: Joint analysis using PS and SBAS approaches, accepted, IEEE,J. of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, vol. 5, n°4, pp1312-1326, 2012. DOI:10.1109/JSTARS.2012.2191146.

 

Abstract: In multi-temporal InSAR processing, both the Permanent Scatterer (PS) and Small BAseline Subset (SBAS) approaches are optimized to obtain ground displacement rates with a nominal accuracy of millimeters per year. In this paper, we investigate how applying both approaches to Mexico City subsidence validates the InSAR time series results and brings complementary information to the subsidence pattern. We apply the PS approach (Gamma-IPTA chain) and an ad-hoc SBAS approach on 38 ENVISAT images from November 2002 to March 2007 to map the Mexico City subsidence. The subsidence rate maps obtained by both approaches are compared quantitatively and analyzed at different steps of the PS processing. The inter-comparison is done separately for low-pass (LP) and high-pass (HP) filtered difference maps to take the complementarity of both approaches at different scales into account. The inter-comparison shows that the differential subsidence map obtained by the SBAS approach describes the local features associated with urban constructions and infrastructures, while the PS approach quantitatively characterizes the motion of individual targets. The latter information, once related to the type of building foundations, should be essential to quantify the relative importance of surface loads, surface drying and drying due to aquifer over-exploitation, in subsoil compaction.